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I'm a UK based BI Consultant, specialising in SQL Server, C# and Business Intelligence. I've been working with SQL Server for over 10 years, and have over 15 years in development. Nick is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 23 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

Going Native with SQL Server – Introduction

06.24.2012
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This article will introduce how, at the most basic level, SQL Server can be communicated with using C++ and Native code, rather than using the .NET Framework.

The code shown below follows through the basic process, defined in the general flowchart for ODBC Applications as seen on MSDN. This was created in VS2010.

Using this process, we connect to a server (a local copy of SQL Server, with AdventureWorks 2008 R2, and does a straightforward query against it to do a Row Count of the Person table.

 1: // The bare basics to query SQL Server, using the Native Client, in C++
 2: //
 3: #include "stdafx.h"
 4: #include <iostream>
 5: using namespace std;
 6:
 7: #define _SQLNCLI_ODBC_
 8: #include "sqlncli.h"
 9: #include "sqlext.h"
 10:
 11: int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
 12: {
 13:     // Define Handles
 14:     SQLHANDLE hEnv, hDBCCount, hStmtCount;
 15:     SQLINTEGER iRowCount, iRowCountInd;
 16:
 17:     char sConnString[120] = "Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=localhost;Database=AdventureWorks2008R2;Trusted_Connection=yes;";
 18:
 19:     // Step 1 - Assigning an Environment Variable
 20:     SQLAllocHandle(SQL_HANDLE_ENV, SQL_NULL_HANDLE, &hEnv);
 21:
 22:     // Step 1 - Declaring the use of ODBCv3
 23:     SQLSetEnvAttr(hEnv, SQL_ATTR_ODBC_VERSION, (SQLPOINTER) SQL_OV_ODBC3, 0);
 24:
 25:     // Step 1 - Creating a Connection Handle
 26:     SQLAllocHandle(SQL_HANDLE_DBC, hEnv, &hDBCCount);
 27:
 28:     // Step 1 - Setting Connection Attributes
 29:     SQLSetConnectAttr(hDBCCount, SQL_ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT, (SQLPOINTER) SQL_AUTOCOMMIT_OFF, SQL_IS_INTEGER);
 30:
 31:     // Step 1 - Initiating the connection to SQL Server
 32:     SQLDriverConnect(hDBCCount, NULL, (SQLTCHAR *) sConnString, SQL_NTS, NULL, 0, NULL, SQL_DRIVER_NOPROMPT);
 33:
 34:     // Step 2 - Creating a Handle for the Statement
 35:     SQLAllocHandle(SQL_HANDLE_STMT, hDBCCount, &hStmtCount);
 36:
 37:     // Step 3 - Connecting to AdventureWorks2008R2
 38:     SQLExecDirect(hStmtCount, (SQLTCHAR *)"USE AdventureWorks2008R2;", SQL_NTS);
 39:     cout << "USE AdventureWorks2008R2;" << endl;
 40:
 41:     // Step 3 - Executing Query against Person.Person table
 42:     SQLExecDirect(hStmtCount, (SQLCHAR *)"select count(1) from Person.Person;" , SQL_NTS);
 43:     cout << "select count(1) from Person.Person;" << endl;
 44:
 45:     // Step 4a - Assigning a variable to the return column
 46:     SQLBindCol(hStmtCount, 1,SQL_C_ULONG, &iRowCount, 0, &iRowCountInd);
 47:
 48:     // Step 4a - Retrieving the data from the return dataset
 49:     SQLFetch(hStmtCount);
 50:
 51:     cout << "Rows = " << iRowCount << endl;
 52:
 53:     // Step 4a - Remove the Cursor
 54:     SQLCloseCursor(hStmtCount);
 55:
 56:     // Step 5 - Closing down and Cleaning up
 57:     SQLDisconnect(hDBCCount);
 58:     SQLFreeHandle(SQL_HANDLE_DBC,hDBCCount);
 59:     SQLFreeHandle(SQL_HANDLE_ENV, hEnv);
 60:
 61:     return 0;
 62: }

Over the coming weeks, I’ll be expanding on this to get better performance for more complex processes and going through what each of these sections to.

I hope you find these articles interesting.

 

Published at DZone with permission of Nick Haslam, author and DZone MVB. (source)

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